Clean Energy Research:data assimilation
Definition Monenlaisen (havainto)tiedon yhdistäminen yhdeksi ja yhdenmukaiseksi fyysisen järjestelmän, kuten ilmakehän, kuvaukseksi. Tieto voi olla kerätty eri paikoissa, eri aikoina ja eri erilaisilla ajanjaksoilla.
Definition (en) The combining of diverse data (e.g. observations), possibly sampled at different times and intervals and different locations, into a unified and consistent description of a physical system, such as the state of the atmosphere.
Explanation (en) Data assimilation means integration of data from different sources. The purpose of data assimilation is to determine a best possible atmospheric state using observations and short range forecasts. Data is received from different sources, such as satellite instruments, weather stations, ships, buoys, and other components. Data is combined in order to have more reliable forecasts. Data assimilation is typically a sequential time-stepping procedure, in which a previous model forecast is compared with newly received observations, the model state is then updated to reflect the observations, a new forecast is initiated, and so on. The update step in this process is usually referred to as the analysis; the short model forecast used to produce the analysis is called the background. Data assimilation is used also to monitor climate change based on past observations. The atmosphere is chaotic, meaning that even small differences in its state can lead to very different weather patterns occurring several days later – this is sometimes referred to as the butterfly effect. To account for the chaotic nature of the atmosphere and the associated uncertainty in prediction, we run an ensemble of 51 forecasts simultaneously; the forecast using the best possible initial state plus 50 other forecasts with slight variations to the initial state. Our ensembles provide a probabilistic forecast which is an estimate of how predictable a particular weather situation is.
Lähdeviittaus tähän sivuun:
Tieteen termipankki 25.08.2019: Clean Energy Research:data assimilation. (Tarkka osoite: https://tieteentermipankki.fi/wiki/Clean Energy Research:data assimilation.)